Agricultural production must increase by 70% for an additional 2.3 bilion people by 2050 which it means energy demand, soil degradation, water scarcity and climate warming. The modern technology is one key to mastering this enormous challenge of modern agriculture. For that, we will need the colaboration of new technologies such as electronics, GPS and photonics.
All in all we can define the challenges as the followings:
1. Machines more environmentally sustainables: Machinery that allows farmers to use limited resources more efficiently and sustainably. They could turn crop waste and animal manure into fertilizers, use crop rotation to enrich the soil and reroute rainwater to fuel the irrigation system.2. Efficient dosing machines: Through precise dosing and efficient mixing, it is possible, to reduce the operating cost, increase the yield of the crop and increase the efficiency of the nutrients and the seeds, we ount into he soil which saves resources and reduces nutrients leaching.
3. Efficient energy consumption machines: means not only more efficient combustion engines in tractors, but also machinery built in light materials that need less power for its performance and time cost saving.
4. The management of water cycle: related to all planning, strategy development, operational and tactical decisions to optimise the water cycle to satisfy human and agriculture needs and at the same time the environmental objectives.
5. The robotization of production: this is a long term challenge